Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Offender Profiling A Technique For Identifying The...

OFFENDER PROFILING According to the article, offender profiling is a technique for identifying the personality and behavioral features of an offender based on an analysis of he/she committed. There are two types of offender profiling: inductive and deductive profiling. Inductive profiling technique uses an offender profiling from what is known about other offenders (criminals). Deductive profiling deals with the criminal’s evidence relating to him/her. The aim of the research was to examine the utility of offender profiles. To evaluate if the offender profiles with an ambiguous profile will demystify the statements to make them well suited to a potential suspect. Offender profiles have been useful to prioritize suspects in ongoing investigations; however there have been criticisms on profiling. Based on Alison et al., stated that after the study, they generalized that both participants that received genuine and bogus suspects had no significant differences, this correspond well with Barnum- type effect. Therefore, using offender profiles as an investigative tool can be highly suspicious. The study proposed that, like the participants in the early Barnum studies, individuals might have similar results. The correlation between participants’ interpretation of generic personality sketches and officers potential reinterpretation, suggest that police will have a hard time to prioritize a particular suspects because the results come in an extremely large suspects pools that matchShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Criminal Justice1617 Words   |  7 PagesUse of Criminal Profiling Criminal Profiling is a method of identifying the perpetrator of a crime based on an analysis of the nature of the offense and the manner in which it was committed. It most notably can be traced back to work done in the later part of the last century, and possibly even earlier in a variety of forms. There has been a definite growth since this early work, with many individuals doing a great deal of both research and practical work in criminal profiling. The investigativeRead MoreEssay on Criminological Theories13456 Words   |  54 Pagesworld or across a society. They attempt to answer why there are variations in group rates of crime. Other authors have used the terms â€Å"epidemiology† or social structural theories. Micro. Micro theories of criminal behavior focus on a small group of offenders or on an individual crime. They attempt to answer why some individuals are more likely than others to commit crime. Other authors have used the terms â€Å"individual conduct† or processual theories. Necessary Condition. This means that X must be presentRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Diversity in Organizations 39 Attitudes and Job Satisfaction 69 Emotions and Moods 97 Personality and Values 131 Perception and Individual Decision Making 165 Motivation Concepts 201 Motivation: From Concepts to Applications 239 3 The Group 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Foundations of Group Behavior 271 Understanding Work Teams 307 Communication

Monday, December 23, 2019

A Multiple Choice Test on Julius Caesar - 1967 Words

Julius Caesar Multiple Choice Unit Test 1 Name_____________________________________ MULTIPLE CHOICE UNIT TEST 1 - Julius Caesar I. Matching/Identify _____ 1. Strato _____ 2. Lucilius _____ 3. Octavius _____ 4. Artemidorus _____ 5. Brutus _____ 6. Caesar _____ 7. Casca _____ 8. Calpurnia _____ 9. Mark Antony _____ 10. Portia _____ 11.Lepidus _____ 12. Decius _____ 13. Pindarus _____ 14. Cassius _____ 15. Soothsayer A. Captured by Antonys soldiers, mistaken for Brutus B. Persuades Caesar to attend Senate meeting C. First to stab Caesar D. convinces Brutus to join conspiracy with false letters E. Holds the sword for Brutus to kill himself F. Wife of Brutus G. The least important member of the 2nd triumvirate H. warns Caesar â€Å"Beware the†¦show more content†¦Brutus 19. How does Brutus die? A. Antony kills him in a fight. B. He kills himself with his sword. C. The ghost of Caesar frightened him to death. D. He is taken prisoner and one of the soldiers accidentally kills him. 20. In what year was Shakespeare born? b. 1564 c. 1599 a. 1613 21. What country was Shakespeare’s birthplace? b. Scotland c. Ireland a. England d. 1584 d. Wales 22. Under which two monarchs did Shakespeare perform and write? a. Elizabeth, and John I b. Elizabeth, and Mary c. Henry VII 23. What are three types of plays Shakespeare wrote? c. history, mystery, comedy a. comedy, history, tragedy b. romance, tragedy, history d. comedy, tragedy, mystery 24. How many plays did Shakespeare write? a. over 200 b. 154 c. 37 or 38 25. In what year did Shakespeare die? a. 1616 b. 1599 c. 1564 d. 1569 d. King Lear d. no one knows for sure Julius Caesar Multiple Choice Unit Test 1 III. Quotations: Identify the speaker of the quotations. A = Brutus B = Soothsayer C = Cassius D = Caesar E = Antony 26. Beware the Ides of March.(1.2.18) 27. â€Å"Cowards die many times before their deaths; the valiant never taste death but once† (1.2.3233) 28. This was the noblest Roman of them all. (5.5.67) 29. â€Å"Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look. He thinks too much. Such men are dangerous.† (1.2.195-196) 30. â€Å"Upon what meat doth this our Caesar feed/ that he is grown so great† (1.2.150) 31. â€Å"Cry ‘Havoc!’ and let slip the dogs of war† (3.1.276) 32. Caesar,Show MoreRelatedGary Dessler Human Resource Management 14th Edition1672 Words   |  7 Pagesor read online: DOWNLOAD GARY DESSLER HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT 14TH EDITION.PDF NOW Other ebooks PDF you can access on our library: Trigonometry Answers Online, Answers Nims 700, Answers In Hsa Algebra 2014 Answer Key, American Red Cross First A Test Answers, Grade 11 Maths Literacy Exam Papers Answers, Advanced Thermodynamics For Engineers Wark Solution Manual, Mcdougal Biology Chapter Review Answers, Electrostatics Class 12 Ncert Solutions, Solution Of Quantum Mechanics By Liboff, Everfi ModuleRead MoreGraduation Speech - Original Writing1607 Words   |  7 Pagesitself at that point. The way we split up portions of the essay helped a great deal to the finished product. Every day in class we would review peer writing on the board, I improved slightly. The polar opposite of the unpolished gem of the timed essay test, this was allowed to evolve with time. I had days upon days to come up with the perfect adverb or the most clear sentence structure. Even the struggle of embedded quotations couldn’t deter my enthusiasm, I was locked in from day one. I worked endlesslyRead MoreI Just Wanna Be Average6008 Words   |  25 Pagespicked up along the way passed our days in the back of the bus, a funny mix brought to ­gether by geography and parental desire. Entrance to school brings with it forms and releases and assessments. Mercy relied on a series of tests†¦for placement, and somehow the results of my tests got confused with those of another stu ­dent named Rose. The other Rose apparently didnt do very well, for I was placed in the vocational track, a euphemism for the bottom level. Neither I nor my parents realized what thisRead MoreQuestion and Correct Answer7042 Words   |  29 Pagesempires population | | | | | ï‚ · Question 28 2 out of 2 points | | | Why did Rome have multiple forums?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   Ã‚   Emperors competed with their predecessors to build the grandest forums | Correct Answer: |   Ã‚   Emperors competed with their predecessors to build the grandest forums | | | | | ï‚ · Question 29 2 out of 2 points | | | Why was Gaius Julius Caesar murdered in the Senate on March 15, 44 BCE?Answer | | | | | Selected Answer: |   Ã‚   He hadRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagescontemporary texts in informal logic – keeping an eye on the sorts of arguments found in books on formal logic – forget, or underplay, how much of our daily reasoning is concerned not with arguments leading to truth-valued conclusions but with making choices, assessing reasons, seeking advice, etc. Dowden gets the balance and the emphasis right. Norman Swartz, Simon Fraser University v Acknowledgments For the 1993 edition: The following friends and colleagues deserve thanks for their help and Read MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesin Joseph Conrad’s â€Å"Heart of Darkness†, when Kurtz struggles (and fails) to subdue the savage instincts concealed beneath his civilized English veneer. Most plots, it should be noted, contain more than one conflict. In some cases, however, these multiple conflicts are presented in a way that makes it extremely difficult to say with absolute certainty which one is the most decisive. It should be noted as well that the conflict of a story may exist prior to the formal initiation of the plot itselfRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words   |  846 Pagesaction. Discussing this challenge under the heading of management control systems, Simons (1990: 142) concludes his inXuential article by noting: We need in fact a better language to describe management control processes. Control systems are used for multiple purposes: Monitoring, learning, signalling, constraint, surveillance, motivation, and others. Yet we use a single descriptor—management control systems—to describe these distinctly diVerent processes. In his subsequent writings on levers of control

Sunday, December 15, 2019

Letter to Simon (Class Discussion) Free Essays

Dear Simon, I would personally like to welcome you to our country. To begin with, the basic primary functions of an operating system (OS) is managing resources such as coordinating the hard drive, internal memory, processor, etc. to make your computer run more smoothly. We will write a custom essay sample on Letter to Simon (Class Discussion) or any similar topic only for you Order Now The operating system also acts as a User Interface with the application Microsoft Office, with the trial version already installed onto your computer. Finally, running applications meaning running all the application software such as Microsoft Word in Microsoft Office which we are going to discuss. The main three features of Microsoft Office that I am going to discuss with you are spelling and grammar check feature, the status bar feature, and the Word Help feature. These features will be most helpful I believe with your experience as a student and a worker. The first we will discuss will be the spelling and grammar check feature. You will be able to use this feature to correct misspelled words and incorrect grammar in your document. This is most helpful when typing an essay for school and creating a document for the office such as a business proposal. As you type, Word automatically checks your typing for spelling and grammar errors. When you misspell a word or use incorrect grammar, a red (for the misspelling) and a green (for incorrect grammar) wavy underline will appear underneath the errors. You can go to the incorrect grammar or misspelled word and right click on the word to see the suggestions that Word will give you to put in place of the incorrect word and/or grammar. The next feature we will discuss is the status bar. It is located at the bottom of the current document window that you are creating just above the Windows task bar. It presents information about the document such as the progress of current tasks. It also displays how many pages in the document and on which page you are currently on. It also displays how many words you have typed which will be very helpful in the case that you may have to write a report with let us say 500 words in it. It also displays your spelling and grammar check icon to let you know if you have any errors. A blue check displayed on the icon means you do not currently have any errors, while a ed ‘x’ mark means you have an error somewhere in your document, whether it be incorrect grammar or a misspelled word. Also, another feature of Microsoft Word, that I will include for you, that you may find useful is the templates. A template is a starting point that is pre-set, all that is needed done by the operator, which is you, is to fill in the blanks or replace pre-written supplements. Examples of templates include business letters, resumes, academic letters, personal letters, statements, etc. You can view your templates by clicking on the Office Button, then select New, and click on installed templates. The last feature we will discuss is the Word Help feature. It is very useful especially when you are new to Microsoft Word. Any time you are in the process of using Word, it does not matter if you are in the middle of a paragraph, page, or sentence, you can access Word Help to find answers to any of your questions. It responds with a list of search results with different links from many sources that you can click on to display your desired answer. It will minimize your time learning how to use Word and will reduce your frustrations. You can access it by clicking the Microsoft Office Word Help button near the upper right corner of your Word window displayed as a blue circle with a white question mark in the middle. A specific software application that I have found useful on my computer is Microsoft Office Excel. I have found it useful because I can keep track of my financial records, I can make a spreadsheet of how much money I currently have, how much I have spent, what I have spent that money for, and how much money I have remaining. I have also actually made a â€Å"potty chart† for my three-year-old daughter that every time she uses her ‘potty’ on any given day, she receives a sticker on that chart. I have also made chore charts for my household because I have a couple of friends staying with me until they get on their feet. We rotate the chores every week. Finally, the features of my current course website, E-College, that will help me to achieve success in my academic pursuits are: the main Course Home page where I can keep track of new announcements that my professor has posted; he Grade Book tab where I can check to see what my current grade is and the grades I have made on different assignments; and the email tab that lets me keep in touch with my instructor of any personal matters or any questions I may have that I do not want to be shared publicly. I can also keep in touch with my fellow classmates concerning any assignments that I may not understand and I will be able to ask them for help. Good luck with everything. I hope you do very well in your studies and profession. Your friend, Staci N. Phillips How to cite Letter to Simon (Class Discussion), Papers

Saturday, December 7, 2019

Research in Business Organizational Change in Multinational Corporati

Question: Discuss about the Research in Business for Organizational Change in Multinational Corporations. Answer: Introduction Automobile Industry is considered to be the technical marvel and the fastest growing sectors when concerned with changing consumer demands for styling, safety and comfort. The automobile industry has been facing its cross roads not only because of labour relations but also because of manufacturing efficiency (Mitchell, 2010). However, to analyse the change management in the automobile industry it is best suited that it can be analysed through the organizational performance and the challenges that the organizations faces while entering Asian market in comparison to a developed country like European market. The organizational change is often considered to be ambiguous whether changes are made externally or internally. However, this means there is a shift that managers need to adapt and to be sensitive to organizational performance. The influence of organizational change can be in form of structures as well as systems that are deeply embedded in the organization. However, any change manifested is trickier and needs a planned strategy to reinforce the desired culture especially in a multinational organization (Bolo, 2014). On the other hand, for a successful change to take place there should be a need of sense of urgency that is incorporated on the build vision through effective communication that removes obstacles and builds on the momentum. Problem Statement The extent to which the organizational change has affected the multinational corporations is been dependent on various factors that can be dealt on an overall basis. To begin with internal factor like dispositional distinctiveness and employee empowerment are the key contributions that can affect the organizational change behaviourally. However, the interaction of the environment resists changing irrespective of change content, individual differences or change process. On the other hand, when we talk about the change in the automobile industry pertaining to organizations like Toyota and Volkswagen which come under the category of the multinationals, it is often reviewed that there are certain effects that are taken into consideration. For example, the internal factors like tastes as well as income preferences can even impact the decision followed by the external factors like government regulations can even influence the purchase decision. However, as analysed from the given facts tha t external changes are driven by PESTEL (political, social-cultural, legal, economic, technology and environmental) trends (Rop, 2013). Moreover for an organization to respond to change is based on its core competence irrespective of any market it choose whether it is Asian or European. The challenges that are often possessed internally are based on structures, systems and processes that altogether guarantee the existence and the survival of the organizations in the changing dynamics. Nevertheless gap keeps on widening when the pace and direction of the globalisation changes the concepts that are globally developed and are implemented and the change management processes forms a shape (Bolo, 2014). Research Objectives The overall aim of the project is to investigate pertaining to factors that can make successful organizations in the automobile industry can lead to the certain problems while entering any other country. However, the study elaborates the impact of the change management and the effects that it may cause to the multinationals in the automobile industry. To elaborate more specifically, the research study following research questions. What are the key factors that influence organizational change in the automobile multinationals like Toyota and Volkswagen? What are the changes that can be determined when influenced by the expansion of multinationals in the Asian market as compared to European market? How the pace and direction of globalisation can affect the change management in MNCs and how the key personnel is affected during the process internally? Justification of the Project The valuation of the project can be based on the multinational corporations that depend on the development and implementation of the production concepts which can be seen in the organization taking few steps towards crucial changes in professionalism or organization structure or professionalism. The essence of the study lies in the changes that have been effectively engaged in the transition process. Moreover, the study has been subjected to automobile industry like Toyota and Volkswagen that will provide an insight on the global business environment and the way the changes have been adopted in the different markets. On the other hand, organization internally poses a challenge as it may lead to large superficial compliance due to the coercive pressure that has been decided by the values held within the organization. Moreover, the organizational changes can be beneficial if the leaders of the management conduit to an effective change (Fullan, 2014). In today's associations, the rate of progress has never been faster or steadier; subsequently, this study seen profoundly helped in the vitality of good change management preparing for supporting managers, in viably driving change all through their associations. As a result, this could be provided as a guide to the multinational corporations in the automobile industry (Bolo, 2014). Expected Research Output/ Outcome The expected research outcome of the project lies that change management impacts positively as well as negatively on the organizational performance especially in the automobile industry where the tastes and preferences of the customer keeps on changing. Moreover different styles exists in different organizations such that global flexibility in the system is more in the Asian market as compared to the European market because of the cross cultural training provided to the managers as well as the employees internally and the changing needs (Sun, Mellahi Thun, 2010). As the organization like Toyota and Volkswagen will continue to grow in the markets, they will continue experiencing the factors. As a result, the organization faces a lot of crunches in the Asian market due to the production costs s well as the total manufacturing output developed based on the sponsored initiative. Conversely, the strategic partnerships in European market has achieved a sophisticated as well as global netw ork which not only includes joint ventures but also possesses the production as well as assembly sites that lets the organization suffer many drastic change whether it is pertaining to production or technology (Waldchen, 2012). However, Volkswagen is produced in Europe but its market in Asia as to be fully based on value as well as engineering services based on the demand of the product. Conceptual Framework ad Research Outcomes The chapter focuses on the international business as well as the globalization firms in the automobile industry that seeks to identify the effect of change on the multinationals operations and the way they effect the change in different markets. Resource Dependence Theory Resource Dependence theory is based to form an alliance with the other organization to enhance the organizational autonomy as well as legitimacy. This theory mainly studies the external and environmental factors that not only affect the behaviour of the organization but also impact the change that needs to be manifested in the organization (Liu Ko, 2011). The environment to a significant degree contains different associations in the organization such that the need of resources in one organization is different from other. However, independent organizations chiefly can take help from other organizations in terms of resources. The theory highlights the other optimal divisions of the organizations through the basis of divisional structure that not only links the production strategies but also highlights the external organizational links with the multidimensional resources like raw material, labour or capital that comes to taking initiative from these resources. Nonetheless, the organizations moves forward with the principle of scarcity as well as criticality. Invariably when the shocks are introduced due to the new market then more strategies are applied whether it is through the association of the suppliers whether to integrate vertically or horizontally (Blair Kaserman, 2014). According to the firms environment, resource dependence concerns more with the organizations tat are externally applicable such that the non executive decisions have not only greater impact but also tied to the demand of the consumer on which the companies depend whether it is a locally formed organization or is a multinational cor poration (Hillman, Withers Collins, 2009). International Business in Multinational Corporations International business in a form of business organization adds to the dependency on the foreign trade depending on underling the factors to carry forward in a business. According to Cantwell, Dunning Lundan (2010), international business is dynamic and integrated and outlines the basic four elements like the globalisations process, international organizational change as well as business environment. Out of the for elements, the main focus relies on the globalization process, as the outlook of the organization needs to be changed in accordance with different cultures as well as communities such that the monopolists promote the globalisation. The challenges in the global environment can be well explained by the diagrams below. Figure: Global Business Environment Source: (Wild, 2010) The organizations have been extracting, processing as well as transporting the key requirements that not only fulfils the requirements in the home countries but also facilitates the business interests in the manufacturing countries. Multinational corporations have led to the development on international business market as well as international capital market that have led to transformations (Dunning, 2013). The organizational change and business environments have constantly been evolving and can be evident from the long term trend towards the national borders. However, organizations needs to follow rules in whichever country they operate based on the markets conditioning. Organizational Change: Management and Effect The theory of change management is based on the linkages that initiates a logical pathway for the change to occur depending on the nature of the change whether it short term, intermediate or long-term (Sharma, 2015). The concept includes many perspectives that accompany solutions from the bottom level of management to the top level of management. According to Weiss (2014), theory of change is indeterminate and is based on the assumption that takes short steps for the long term goal, while making connections between activities as well as outcomes that will help in fulfilling the change in the long-term. These changes effect the organizational change as well through the globalization of technology in the business environment or the idea of a revolutionized business. Conversely, a change can be differentiated depending on the nature of change whether it is negative or positive (Stone 2010). While keeping the nature of change; management decides the change to be implemented internally or externally starting with managing people through the training and learning of skills within the organization. On the contrary, the external effect is accounted by the availability and the knowledge accountability in the expansion of technology that builds a pressure on the management from the scrutiny from media as well as the stockholders (Heifetz, Grashow Linsky, 2009). However, major and fast authoritative change is significantly troublesome on the grounds that the structure, society, and schedules of associations regularly mirror a tenacious and hard to-evacuate "engraving" of past periods, which are impervious to radical change even as the present environment of the association changes quickly (Clark Taplin, 2012). The two models that briefly describe the change are Kotters 8-Step Change Model as well as Kublers Change model that are adapted in the organization. The brief explanation is given in the diagrams below. Figure: Kotter 8-Step Change Model Source: (Kotter, 2012) Figure: Kubler Ross Change Curve Source: (Thuijsman, 2015) Automobile Industry in Different Markets: Asian and European Market The economics of change in the automobile industry can majorly be affected by the risks that the mature markets like Asia and Europe can face. However, today the automobile industry is facing challenges because of capacity, competitors, production and redundancy and overlap of the global price war. In European Market The automobile industry is far equipped and primarily represents 9% of the manufacturing sector to the economy. The industry characteristics highlights that the market is sophisticated in global network which not only includes production or cooperatives but also leads to the intense competition that can be considered to be the effect that the change management can enforce on the product from Asian market. Although, the market produces, many brands like General Motors, Volkswagen and Fiat but Volkswagen is the one that faces competition in the Asian market as the consumer demand is very peculiar and the demand for sch high priced automobiles is less. However, as a matter of fact, lastly, services are valued in Asian market based on the engineering and design of the European market (Nag, Banerjee Chatterjee, 2007). In Asian Market Asian Market is well drive by the Japan as well as Thailand industries that represents 13% on the output in the manufacturing sector. Asian market is majorly driven by FDI of Japan. However, apart from theist e change has been initiated by the sponsored initiatives taken b countries like Korea, China and India where they are developing automobiles indigenous base (Horaguchi Shimokawa, 2013). However, others are driven by multinationals as it supports to provide a broader market. However, Asian market in EU is mostly profitable. The major players in the ASEA are Toyota, Suzuki, GM and Hyundai. However, the market is slow, when it comes to adapting to organization change as countries are expected to increase the rate by 10-20% but with lack of resources and globalisation process it is still striving. Nonetheless, the adoption of AFTA is expected to lower the challenges and effects of change management in organization performance as well as it will help in providing a regional export m arket (Nag, Banerjee Chatterjee, 2007). Based on the problem statement and the research objectives, the research hypothesis tat can be developed in the study are: Ho: Null Hypothesis: Change management does not have any impact on organizational performance for large and multinational organizations H1: Alternate Hypothesis: Change management does creates an impact on organizational performance for large and multinational organizations Methodology The methodologies that can be adopted effectively to evaluate the research proposal is given as: Literature Review There is a need of the thorough analysis of the relevant literature taken and applied from various sources like Google Scholar, Emerald Insights as well as Peer reviewed journals by several authors. However, the thematic analysis has played a vital role in examining the study of change management on organizational performance. Data Series and Research Methods The research proposal has taken the thematic as well as data related content from the journals as well as educational websites to attain an idea of change management in automobile industry. The data series and methods are analysed on two different methods broadly that is Online Survey based Questionnaire and focussed interview groups. Survey Based Questionnaire The survey based questionnaire will be handed to a total of 30 respondents who will be based on stratified random sampling of two organizations - Toyota and Volkswagen in the automobile industry. However, the respondents will be given the questionnaire after getting the consent signed that their personal information would remain confidential. Nonetheless, the questionnaire will be based on the 5 point Likert Scale ( where Strongly Agree = 5 to Strongly Disagree = 1) (Fan Yan, 2010). However, the questions will be based on the effects of change management that the organization Volkswagen and Toyota face while entering in Asian and European market respectively. Focus Interview Groups The focus interview groups is taken evaluated on the primary data on the group of eight to ten people in a group interview (Stewart Shamdasani, 2014). However, this data will be qualitative in nature as the knowledge of change management will be gathered based on the understanding of human interactions and perceptions regarding the subject. Observing Key Indicators The key indicators mentioned will be pointing out the globalization process and business environment both internally as well as externally. Data Analysis Methods The two methods that will be advocated in the research are qualitative and quantitative methods. Qualitative method will be advocated in the focus research interviews on the primary data whereas quantitative method will be advocated on survey questionnaire on the secondary data. The techniques that will be essentially used for the quantitative data will be based on the descriptive statistics and multiple regression model sch that effects of change management will be termed as independent variables and organizational performance will be termed as dependent variables (Hantrais Mangen, 2013). However, the regression analysis will test the hypothesis and will consider the likelihood of Type I and Type II errors. On the other hand, the data collected will be analysed using the statistical tool, SPSS were the compiled raw data will be transferred from Excel. Te research will be based on the Asian as well as European market of automobiles industry on deciding the strategy used in te markets for adapting the change management However, for analysing the data, the concepts from literature will help in establishing the relationships and comparing the results of theory with the data. Lastly, the research findings will be discussed on the online questionnaire as well as focussed research interviews Organization of the Study The framework of the study will be followed as Chapter One will be the Research Proposal as drawn in this assignment. Chapter Two will depict the study of change management on organizational performance of the multinational corporation highlighting the automobile industry in Asian and European market. Chapter Three will comprise of the framework of methodology literature review and data surveys (data collection methods), observing key indicators and data analysis methods in the research. Chapter Four will report the Findings and Discussions of the research Chapter Five will summarize the important findings and discuss their implications of analyzing the change management in the automobile industry. Gantt chart The following table highlights the timeline for the research proposal to be completed. Task Start Date Duration End Date Project Proposal 17-Sep 15.00 02-Oct Literature Review 03-Oct 60.00 04-Jan Data Collection 05-Jan 55.00 29-Feb Data Analysis 01-Mar 30.00 31-Mar Final Report Submission 01-Apr 31.00 30-Apr Project Budget and Budget Justification The budget for the proposed research was nearby to $4500 to complete the research in the designed framework for 1st April 2016 as mentioned in the Gantt chart above. The literature review undertakes the se of peer reviewed journals as well as published journals in emerald insights with the text books to a have a proper knowledge which were costly. The cost came out to be as $1000 Data Collection techniques were in the form of online questionnaires as well as focussed interview groups involved much cost as organizations had to be approached in person and the data collected on interviews were to be recorded whereas questionnaire even involved costs because it needed to be filled by the respondents. However, the travelling cost and postal services were availed which costed to be around $2700 On the other hand, in order to access charts and company as well as market figures, some of the budget was allocated to this purpose even. The cost came out to be $800. References Blair, R. D., Kaserman, D. L. (2014).Law and economics of vertical integration and control. Academic Press. Bolo, W. A. (2014).Organizational change in multinational corporations: a case study of ecolab-nalco mergerin Kenya(Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi). Cantwell, J., Dunning, J. H., Lundan, S. M. (2010). An evolutionary approach to understanding international business activity: The co-evolution of MNEs and the institutional environment.Journal of International Business Studies,41(4), 567-586. Clark, H, and Taplin, D. (2012). Theory of Change Basics: A Primer on Theory of Change. New York: Acknowledge. Dunning, J. H. (2013).Multinationals, Technology Competitiveness (RLE International Business)(Vol. 13). Routledge. Fan, W., Yan, Z. (2010). Factors affecting response rates of the web survey: A systematic review.Computers in human behavior,26(2), 132-139. Fullan, M. (2014).Leading in a culture of change personal action guide and workbook. John Wiley Sons. Hantrais, L., Mangen, S. (Eds.). (2013).Cross-national research methodology and practice. Routledge. Heifetz, R. A., Grashow, A., Linsky, M. (2009).The practice of adaptive leadership: Tools and tactics for changing your organization and the world. Harvard Business Press. Hillman, A. J.,Withers, M. C. and B. J. Collins (2009). "Resource dependence theory: A review." Journal of Management 35: 1404-1427. Horaguchi, H., Shimokawa, K. (Eds.). (2013).Japanese foreign direct investment and the East Asian industrial system: case studies from the automobile and electronics industries. Springer Science Business Media. Kotter, J. (2012). The 8-step process for leading change.Kotter International. Liu, G., Ko, W. W. (2011). An analysis of cause-related marketing implementation strategies through social alliance: Partnership conditions and strategic objectives.Journal of Business Ethics,100(2), 253-281. Mitchell, W. J. (2010).Reinventing the automobile: Personal urban mobility for the 21st century. MIT press. Nag, B., Banerjee, S., Chatterjee, R. (2007). Changing features of the automobile industry in Asia: comparison of production, trade and market structure in selected countries.Asia-Pacific Research and training network on Trade, Working paper series,37. Rop, K. (2013). A case study of firms quoted in the NSE in Kenya on strategies adopted by MNEs in response to political changes, Unpublished MBA project, University of Nairobi Sharma, C., 2015. Change Management. InBusiness Process Transformation(pp. 123-146). Springer India. Stewart, D. W., Shamdasani, P. N. (2014).Focus groups: Theory and practice(Vol. 20). Sage Publications. Stone, K. B. (2010).Relationships between organizational performance and change factors and manufacturing firms' leanness. Colorado State University. Sun, P., Mellahi, K., Thun, E. (2010). The dynamic value of MNE political embeddedness: The case of the Chinese automobile industry.Journal of International Business Studies,41(7), 1161-1182. Thuijsman, T., 2015. Leadership styles and their influence on employees regarding the acceptance of organizational change. Wldchen, D. (2012). Catch up processes in the global automobile industry. Weiss, J. W. (2014).Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Wild J. J. (2010). International Business: The Challenges of Globalization, Fifth Edition. McGraw-Hill